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Java: Convert Exponential form to Decimal number format in Java - Printable Version

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Java: Convert Exponential form to Decimal number format in Java - tutorials4u - 02-13-2011 03:04 PM

While working with Doubles and Long numbers in Java you will see that most of the value are displayed in Exponential form.

For Example: In following we are multiplying 2.35 with 10000 and the result is printed.

//Division example
Double a = 2.85d / 10000;
System.out.println("1) " + a.doubleValue());

//Multiplication example
a = 2.85d * 100000000;
System.out.println("2) " + a.doubleValue());


Result:
1) 2.85E-4
2) 2.85E8

Thus you can see the result is printed in exponential format. Now you may want to display the result in pure decimal format like: 0.000285 or 285000000. You can do this simply by using class java.math.BigDecimal. In following example we are using BigDecimal.valueOf() to convert the Double value to BigDecimal and than .toPlainString() to convert it into plain decimal string.

import java.math.BigDecimal;
//..
//..

//Division example
Double a = 2.85d / 10000;
System.out.println("1) " + BigDecimal.valueOf(a).toPlainString());


//Multiplication example
a = 2.85d * 100000000;
System.out.println("2) " + BigDecimal.valueOf(a).toPlainString());

Result:
1) 0.000285
2) 285000000

The only disadvantage of the above method is that it generates lonnnnggg strings of number. You may want to restrict the value and round off the number to 5 or 6 decimal point. For this you can use java.text.DecimalFormat class. In following example we are rounding off the number to 4 decimal point and printing the output.

import java.text.DecimalFormat;
//..
//..

Double a = 2.85d / 10000;
DecimalFormat formatter = new DecimalFormat("0.0000");
System.out.println(formatter .format(a));


Result:
0.0003